In the 1950s and 1960s, every French cafés had a pinball machine, also known as the 'flipper' in France. It was in the 1930s that first coin paying machines are introduced, but it was only after the Second World War that the pinball machine begins to have a real success with David Gottlieb's "Humpty Dumpty" machine. The first electronic pinball machine appeared in the mid-1970s. It continued to be present in French cafés until the end of the 1990s. No doubt due to the rise in smaller and portable electronic games such as Nintendo and the Game Boy, the pinball machine gradually disappeared.